Submitted by: Rupal Hospital
A miscarriage is the loss of an embryo or fetus before the 20th week of pregnancy. The medical term for miscarriage is spontaneous abortion. Most people think miscarriages are very rare, but actually they are remarkably common. About 10 to 20 percent of known pregnancies end in miscarriage. But the actual number is probably much higher because many miscarriages occur so early in pregnancy that a woman doesn’t even know she’s pregnant.
Miscarriage is a relatively common experience, but that doesn’t make it any easier. It is an emotional trauma for the couple and must be handled very delicately by understanding what can cause a miscarriage, symptoms, tests, treatment, what increases the risk and what medical care might be needed.
Miscarriage at any stage of pregnancy can be a terrible blow. Early miscarriages are very common. It’s perfectly possible to have a miscarriage before you even realise you’re pregnant. About half of all fertilised eggs are thought to be lost in the earliest days of pregnancy, before a pregnancy test has been done. After a positive pregnancy test between 10 to 20 per cent of pregnancies end in miscarriage. Most miscarriages happen in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. They are less likely to occur after 20 weeks’ gestation; if they do, they are called late miscarriages.
Know everything about miscarriage, chances of conceiving after miscarriage with OB-GYN doctors at http://www.rupalhospital.com/obstetrics_maternity.html
Causes of Miscarriage:
Early miscarriages usually happen because the embryo is not developing as it should. Chromosome problems are thought to be the most common cause. These problems usually happen for no reason and are unlikely to happen again. Most of the miscarriages that occur in the first trimester of pregnancy are caused by chromosomal abnormalities in the baby. Chromosomes are tiny structures inside the cells of the body which carry many genes. Genes determine all of a person’s physical attributes, such as sex, hair and eye color, and blood type. Most chromosomal problems occur by chance and are not related to the mother’s or father’s health. Miscarriages are also caused by a variety of other factors including Infection, Hormonal problems, uterine abnormalities, Incompetent cervix, Lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol, using illegal drugs, Uncontrolled diabetes, Disorders of the immune system, Severe kidney disease, Congenital heart disease, Thyroid disease, Radiation, Certain medications such as the acne drug Accutane and Severe malnutrition.
In addition, women may be at increased risk for miscarriage as they age. Studies show that the risk of miscarriage is 12% to 15% for women in their 20s, and rises to about 25% for women at age 40. The increased incidence of chromosomal abnormalities contributes to the age-related risk of miscarriage.
Symptoms of Miscarriage:
Signs and symptoms of a miscarriage might include Vaginal spotting or bleeding, Pain or cramping in your abdomen or lower back, Fluid or tissue passing from your vagina, Fever, Weakness and Vomiting.
Tests and diagnosis for understanding Miscarriage
Your doctor may do a variety of tests to find out whether you have miscarriage:
Pelvic exam: Your doctor will check to see if your cervix has begun to dilate.
Ultrasound: This helps your doctor check for a fetal heartbeat and determine if the embryo is developing normally.
Blood tests: If you’ve miscarried, measurements of the pregnancy hormone, beta HCG, can occasionally be useful in determining if you’ve completely passed all placental tissue.
Tissue tests: If you have passed tissue, it can be sent to the laboratory to confirm that a miscarriage has occurred and that your symptoms aren’t related to another cause of pregnancy bleeding.
Possible diagnoses include:
Threatened miscarriage: If you’re bleeding but your cervix hasn’t begun to dilate, there is a threat of miscarriage. Such pregnancies often proceed without any further problems.
Inevitable miscarriage: If you’re bleeding, your uterus is contracting and your cervix is dilated, a miscarriage is inevitable.
Incomplete miscarriage: If you pass some of the fetal or placental material but some remains in your uterus, it’s considered an incomplete miscarriage.
Missed miscarriage: The placental and embryonic tissues remain in the uterus, but the embryo has died or was never formed.
Complete miscarriage: If you have passed all the pregnancy tissues, it’s considered a complete miscarriage. This is common for miscarriages occurring before 12 weeks.
Septic miscarriage: If you develop an infection in your uterus, it’s known as a septic miscarriage. This can be a very severe infection and demands immediate care.
Treatment Options for Miscarriage:
It is important to keep in mind that most couples who have experienced one or two miscarriages and who have no underlying medical problems typically will go on to have a healthy pregnancy. Miscarriages are usually treated in one of three ways, and each choice has its own risks and benefits.
The first approach is to do nothing and for a woman to wait until the pregnancy loss passes naturally on its own. The advantage of this method is that less medical intervention is needed. But one disadvantage is that it can take up to two weeks for the pregnancy loss to occur. Also, bleeding can be very heavy, and important genetic information from the fetal tissue can’t be tested to possibly understand why the miscarriage happened.
A second treatment approach is the use of a medication that causes the pregnancy to pass within 6 to 12 hours. The benefit of this treatment is that the timing of the pregnancy loss is known because the cramping can be severe. One disadvantage is that it is hard to recover the fetal tissue to test it afterward.
A third treatment option is a surgical approach known as dilation and curettage, also known as a D&C. In this procedure, a doctor will remove any remaining fetal tissue from the lining of a woman’s uterus, and the tissue can be tested. However, there will be bleeding with this approach, and it carries a slight risk of infection or scarring to the uterus.
The option that is used depends on many factors, including how far along in the pregnancy you were.
Learn more about treatment options available for recurrent pregnancy loss, early pregnancy tips and care at https://rupalhospital.wordpress.com/2015/04/17/pregnancy-signs-and-symptoms
Most early miscarriages are one-off, so it is very likely that your next pregnancy will be a successful one. For this reason you’re unlikely to be given a follow-up appointment to see a consultant unless you’ve had three early miscarriages in a row.
Usually a miscarriage cannot be prevented and often occurs because the pregnancy is not normal. However, if the problem is related to the woman’s cervix, such as an incompetent cervix, surgical treatments may help. You can ovulate and become pregnant as soon as 2 weeks after an early miscarriage. If you do not wish to become pregnant again right away, be sure to use birth control. You may want to wait until after you have had a menstrual period so that calculating the due date of your next pregnancy is easier.
The loss of a pregnancyno matter how earlycan cause feelings of sadness and grief. Emotional healing can take much longer than physical healing. Miscarriage can be a heart-wrenching loss that others around you might not fully understand. Your emotions might range from anger and guilt to despair. Give yourself time to grieve the loss of your pregnancy, and seek help from loved ones and your health care team.
Gynaecology& Obstetrics Section at Rupal Hospital in Surat have renowned female Doctors and each one of them is outstanding in their own field of expertise. Rupal Hospital is dedicated to provide the highest quality of services in women’s health. It is the result of years of experience, knowledge, understanding and constant updating and effort that has made the Rupal Hospital the best amongst all. The maternity section is available round the clock. The doctors here are always eager to provide all information from the conceiving stage to the birth of baby. In the early stage of pregnancy we provide and take care that proper care is being taken by the expectant mothers. At Rupal Hospital couples are first evaluated to see if there is an underlying health condition that may be causing multiple miscarriages and for which treatment is available. These include uterine abnormalities, such as fibroids, blood-clotting disorders, hormonal problems, thyroid disease or diabetes. Obesity and age can also increase the risk of miscarriage. Before suggesting any treatment all this factors are evaluated.
Get more information on pregnancy, causes, symptoms and signs of miscarriage at http://www.rupalhospital.comor you can contact us on 91-261-2599128-9
About the Author: Rupal Hospital for Womens is a premiere leader in women’s healthcare since 45 long years. Rupal Hospital understands and meets all the health needs of a woman and fosters the understanding of how advanced health care can improve the lives of women and their families. Gynaecology & Obstetrics Section at Rupal Hospital have renowned female Doctors and each one of them is outstanding in their own field of expertise. We at Rupal Hospital are dedicated to providing the highest quality in women’s health. The maternity section is available round the clock and is equipped with state of the art labour room. We have fully equipped operation theatre for all obstetrics and gynaecology operations. Rupal Hospitals endoscopy centre is focused for diagnosis and treatments mainly related with gynaecology, family Planning and IVF Treatments currently. Our laparoscopy unit offers laparoscopic surgeries related to women with one of the best and state of art operation theatres of south Gujarat by the experts in the field.