Relative of Afghan president Hamid Karzai shot dead by NATO troops

Friday, March 11, 2011

A relative of the Afghan president Hamid Karzai has been mistakenly shot dead by NATO troops, according to officials. Yar Mohammad Khan, who was in his 60s was killed during a night raid in the Dand district. Khan, who also possibly used the surname of Karzai, was believed to have been a cousin of either the president or a cousin of the president’s father.

The president’s brother, Ahmad Wali Karzai, released a statement over the shooting. He said, “It was a mistake. The forces conducted an operation, he was at his home, he came out and was shot. It was a mistake. What can you do about it?” Several officials have apologised for the incident including United States president Barack Obama, US defence secretary Robert Gates, and commander of international troops in Afghanistan General Petraeus.

Khan’s death come only days after President Karzai called the killing of civilians unacceptable. The president urged the United Nations to pressure NATO to take more care during operations when searching for insurgents. Karzai rejected a previous apology from General Petraeus over the killing of nine boys during an air strike.

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Cleveland, Ohio clinic performs US’s first face transplant

Thursday, December 18, 2008

A team of eight transplant surgeons in Cleveland Clinic in Ohio, USA, led by reconstructive surgeon Dr. Maria Siemionow, age 58, have successfully performed the first almost total face transplant in the US, and the fourth globally, on a woman so horribly disfigured due to trauma, that cost her an eye. Two weeks ago Dr. Siemionow, in a 23-hour marathon surgery, replaced 80 percent of her face, by transplanting or grafting bone, nerve, blood vessels, muscles and skin harvested from a female donor’s cadaver.

The Clinic surgeons, in Wednesday’s news conference, described the details of the transplant but upon request, the team did not publish her name, age and cause of injury nor the donor’s identity. The patient’s family desired the reason for her transplant to remain confidential. The Los Angeles Times reported that the patient “had no upper jaw, nose, cheeks or lower eyelids and was unable to eat, talk, smile, smell or breathe on her own.” The clinic’s dermatology and plastic surgery chair, Francis Papay, described the nine hours phase of the procedure: “We transferred the skin, all the facial muscles in the upper face and mid-face, the upper lip, all of the nose, most of the sinuses around the nose, the upper jaw including the teeth, the facial nerve.” Thereafter, another team spent three hours sewing the woman’s blood vessels to that of the donor’s face to restore blood circulation, making the graft a success.

The New York Times reported that “three partial face transplants have been performed since 2005, two in France and one in China, all using facial tissue from a dead donor with permission from their families.” “Only the forehead, upper eyelids, lower lip, lower teeth and jaw are hers, the rest of her face comes from a cadaver; she could not eat on her own or breathe without a hole in her windpipe. About 77 square inches of tissue were transplanted from the donor,” it further described the details of the medical marvel. The patient, however, must take lifetime immunosuppressive drugs, also called antirejection drugs, which do not guarantee success. The transplant team said that in case of failure, it would replace the part with a skin graft taken from her own body.

Dr. Bohdan Pomahac, a Brigham and Women’s Hospital surgeon praised the recent medical development. “There are patients who can benefit tremendously from this. It’s great that it happened,” he said.

Leading bioethicist Arthur Caplan of the University of Pennsylvania withheld judgment on the Cleveland transplant amid grave concerns on the post-operation results. “The biggest ethical problem is dealing with failure — if your face rejects. It would be a living hell. If your face is falling off and you can’t eat and you can’t breathe and you’re suffering in a terrible manner that can’t be reversed, you need to put on the table assistance in dying. There are patients who can benefit tremendously from this. It’s great that it happened,” he said.

Dr Alex Clarke, of the Royal Free Hospital had praised the Clinic for its contribution to medicine. “It is a real step forward for people who have severe disfigurement and this operation has been done by a team who have really prepared and worked towards this for a number of years. These transplants have proven that the technical difficulties can be overcome and psychologically the patients are doing well. They have all have reacted positively and have begun to do things they were not able to before. All the things people thought were barriers to this kind of operations have been overcome,” she said.

The first partial face transplant surgery on a living human was performed on Isabelle Dinoire on November 27 2005, when she was 38, by Professor Bernard Devauchelle, assisted by Professor Jean-Michel Dubernard in Amiens, France. Her Labrador dog mauled her in May 2005. A triangle of face tissue including the nose and mouth was taken from a brain-dead female donor and grafted onto the patient. Scientists elsewhere have performed scalp and ear transplants. However, the claim is the first for a mouth and nose transplant. Experts say the mouth and nose are the most difficult parts of the face to transplant.

In 2004, the same Cleveland Clinic, became the first institution to approve this surgery and test it on cadavers. In October 2006, surgeon Peter Butler at London‘s Royal Free Hospital in the UK was given permission by the NHS ethics board to carry out a full face transplant. His team will select four adult patients (children cannot be selected due to concerns over consent), with operations being carried out at six month intervals. In March 2008, the treatment of 30-year-old neurofibromatosis victim Pascal Coler of France ended after having received what his doctors call the worlds first successful full face transplant.

Ethical concerns, psychological impact, problems relating to immunosuppression and consequences of technical failure have prevented teams from performing face transplant operations in the past, even though it has been technically possible to carry out such procedures for years.

Mr Iain Hutchison, of Barts and the London Hospital, warned of several problems with face transplants, such as blood vessels in the donated tissue clotting and immunosuppressants failing or increasing the patient’s risk of cancer. He also pointed out ethical issues with the fact that the procedure requires a “beating heart donor”. The transplant is carried out while the donor is brain dead, but still alive by use of a ventilator.

According to Stephen Wigmore, chair of British Transplantation Society’s ethics committee, it is unknown to what extent facial expressions will function in the long term. He said that it is not certain whether a patient could be left worse off in the case of a face transplant failing.

Mr Michael Earley, a member of the Royal College of Surgeon‘s facial transplantation working party, commented that if successful, the transplant would be “a major breakthrough in facial reconstruction” and “a major step forward for the facially disfigured.”

In Wednesday’s conference, Siemionow said “we know that there are so many patients there in their homes where they are hiding from society because they are afraid to walk to the grocery stores, they are afraid to go the the street.” “Our patient was called names and was humiliated. We very much hope that for this very special group of patients there is a hope that someday they will be able to go comfortably from their houses and enjoy the things we take for granted,” she added.

In response to the medical breakthrough, a British medical group led by Royal Free Hospital’s lead surgeon Dr Peter Butler, said they will finish the world’s first full face transplant within a year. “We hope to make an announcement about a full-face operation in the next 12 months. This latest operation shows how facial transplantation can help a particular group of the most severely facially injured people. These are people who would otherwise live a terrible twilight life, shut away from public gaze,” he said.

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Digital Marketing

Direct Mail Marketing Companies Are Still Important For Your Business

byAlma Abell

With so many people choosing to get their information digitally these days, it’s fair to wonder if there’s even room for printed or direct mail advertising. There are, however, many reasons why there are so many direct mail marketing companies still around, the main one being that direct mail still works.

What is Direct Mail?Direct mail marketing is exactly what it sounds like—mailing marketing materials directly to your potential customers. The science to it is in minimizing your cost and maximizing your benefit by targeting the right households to mail to, rather than simply sending pieces to every household in town.

Direct mail marketing companies use many types of mail pieces to help your business. You can send catalogs, brochures, postcards, and coupons. You can even send surveys or other self-mailers. Another interesting tactic is to send a small, inexpensive gift. The idea is to send something that will attract attention and distinguish itself from other mail and make the recipient want to read it and keep it around.

Why Direct Mail Still WorksDirect mail marketing has something that television and the Internet do not necessarily have. When you view a television commercial or web ad, you may enjoy it, think about it, even talk about it with friends, but you won’t necessarily remember every detail. You may even forget the details the company that made the ad wants you to remember, like the product name, the website or the phone number to call to order. With direct mail, if someone sees a piece of advertising and likes it, they can keep it on hand in tangible form, in its entirety, and even share it with others.

Combining Direct Mail with an Online PresenceDirect mail does not have to be at odds with online marketing—in fact direct mail works best these days when combined with an online presence. A product brochure might direct a customer to visit a website to order or a catalog might advise that you can read a product’s reviews on a particular website. A postcard might give people a chance to win a prize by submitting their email to a mailing list, or a mailed coupon may offer a discount for ordering online. New ways in which marketing can be integrated across all media are still being discovered every day.

Here are some ofbenefits of using direct mail services for your business.

Direct mail is an important tool to add to your marketing arsenal, and a good direct mail marketing company like arandell can help you get the best possible benefit from it. Visitwww.arandell.com to see the printing and mailing solutions available to help build your catalog printing and marketing plan.

Conditions in the womb determine male sexuality

Tuesday, June 27, 2006

Research published in the journal the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS) suggests a link between male sexuality and conditions in the womb.

Initial research by Dr. Anthony F. Bogaert and his colleagues at Brock University, Ontario revealed a possible link between the number of elder brothers a boy has and the likelihood he is to be gay. Whether this correlation be attributed to nature through the prenatal effects of the womb or to nurture through the psychosocial effects of growing up with elder siblings, however, remained unclear.

To further his research Bogaert studied 944 heterosexual and homosexual men. The men were either “biological” brothers and shared the same mother or “non-biological” brothers through adoption or as half or step siblings. Boegart reasoned that if the link between homosexuality and elder brothers was due to the nurturing effects of the family environment it would show regardless of any biological relationship.

The study showed, however, that the link was found only in biological brothers. The amount of time an individual spent being raised with elder brothers had no bearing on sexual orientation; the relationship was even found to be true in brothers who were raised apart from one another.

Bogaert writes in this month’s PNAS: “These results support a prenatal origin to sexual orientation development in men and indicate that the fraternal birth-order effect is probably the result of a maternal ‘memory’ for male gestations or births.”

He suggests that each male foetus prompts a progressively stronger immune reaction in the mother’s body. The antibodies that are produced by this reaction may account for sexual differentiation of the brain.

Scientists from Michigan State University added in an accompanying article: “These data strengthen the notion that the common denominator between biological brothers, the mother, provides a prenatal environment that fosters homosexuality in her younger sons.”

“Increasingly, credible evidence appears to indicate that being gay is genetically determined rather than being a so-called lifestyle choice. It adds further weight to the argument that lesbian and gay people should be treated equally in society and not discriminated against for something that’s just as inherent as skin colour,” said Andy Forrest, a spokesman for gay rights group Stonewall. However; Dr. Bogaert’s study made no explanation for the origin of lesbianism.

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Technological University Dublin senior lecturer Dr Lorcan Sirr speaks to Wikinews on housing market in Ireland

Wednesday, July 21, 2021

Wikinews correspondent J.J. Liu spoke with Technological University Dublin (TUD) senior lecturer at the School of Surveying & Construction Management, Dr Lorcan Sirr on Friday regarding the supply of housing in the Republic of Ireland and relevant parallels across the rest of Europe, as well as recent developments by the government and private sector that are causing a rise in rents and home prices in the Irish real estate market.

Dr Sirr is a regular contributor to The Irish Times and has provided commentary to Irish radio station Newstalk, national broadcaster Raidió Teilifís Éireann (RTÉ) and various other publications. In addition to being a chartered planning and development surveyor and assessor to the Society of Chartered Surveyors, Dr Sirr is a Peace Commissioner and former external examiner for the Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology, according to his profile on Worky.

Dr Sirr was a lecturer and former head of research for the Faculty of the Built Environment at the Dublin Institute of Technology, which entered a merger with two partner institutes to become TUD January 1, 2019. He received his bachelor’s degree in estate management at the University of Greenwich, United Kingdom, and master’s degree in urban design and PhD in town planning at the University of Manchester. He has a second master’s in literature from KU Leuven, Belgium, and speaks French.

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Category:Lawyers

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Dentistry

Juvenile Diabetes How To Talk To Your Child About A Diabetes Diagnosis

Finding out that your child needs insulin injections can be shocking and terrifying. It is easy to go into panic mode and think about all the worst case scenarios, but it is important to stay calm, especially in front of your child. Children take their cues from the adults around them, and if your child sees you panicking about his illness he will likely panic too. Acknowledge that this is scary for him, and that things are going to change, but let him know with your voice and your actions that it will be okay and that you will be there to help him every step of the way.

Stay Calm

Once you have a diabetes diagnosis for your child you will want to sit down and talk to him and help him understand what is going on. Nurses and doctors may explain certain things to him at his appointment or at the hospital, but he will likely be overwhelmed by everything that is going on and will need to have things explained again. There are a few important things to remember when having this conversation, but above all else show your child that you love and support him.

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Focus on the Positives

Don’t start out with a list of things your child is not allowed to do or eat. Let him know that there will be changes, but that he will still be able to play with his friends and participate in the activities he loves. Talking to your child about his illness in a positive and encouraging way will reassure him it is not the end of his world as he knows it. Remind him that he is not alone, that there are many other children with diabetes, and that his family and friends will be there to support him.

Talk about Diabetes Medications

Talking about diabetes medications and insulin for diabetics can be difficult, especially with younger children. While it is tempting to just tell your child to take it “because it will make him better”, or “because the doctor says so”, it is important that your child knows why he is taking the medication. Keep the explanations of the diabetes medications simple, so that he is not overwhelmed or confused; he does not need to know the complex science, only what the drugs do to keep him healthy and why they are so important. If he understands the changes he is making in his life he will be able to make decisions on his own when you are not there.

You or another adult will need to give you child his insulin injections until he is old enough to do it himself. Remain firm, calm and matter of fact when giving insulin injections. Long acting insulin has a different pH than types of insulin, and some children complain that long acting insulin shots “sting” if given too quickly. Some parents use an ice cube to numb the injection site. Many prefer using the smaller, more convenient insulin pens over insulin syringes.

Article Source: sooperarticles.com/health-fitness-articles/sugar-disease-articles/juvenile-diabetes-how-talk-your-child-about-diabetes-diagnosis-391955.html

About Author:

Lena Grant blogs about topics of interest to diabetics for the Long Acting Insulin blog. She recommends the discreet, easy to use Lantus SoloSTAR insulin pen for children with diabetes, and the online Canadian pharmacy Big Mountain Drugs as a reliable and affordable source of diabetes medication.Author: Lena Grant

International participants showcase different industry cultures at 2008 Taipei Game Show

Friday, January 25, 2008

B2B Trade Area of Taipei Game Show, criticized by trade buyers last year, but accompanied with 2008 Taiwan Digital Content Forum, moved to the second floor at Taipei World Trade Center for world-wide participants with a better exchange atmosphere this year.

Not only local OBMs (Softstar Entertainment, Soft-World International Corp., International Games System Corp., …, etc.) but also companies from New Zealand, Canada, Japan, Hong Kong, and South Korea showcased different specialists with multiple styles. Especially on South Korea, participated members from G? Trade Show (Game Show & Trade, All-Round, aka Gstar) showcased gaming industry of South Korea and the G? upcoming at this November with brochures.

In the 2-days Digital Content Forum, world-class experts not only shared industry experiences, members from Taiwan Gaming Industry Association also discussed and forecasted marketing models for gaming industry. With participations from governmental, industrial, and academical executives world-wide, this forum helps them gained precious experiences of digital content industry from several countries.

According to the Taipei Computer Association, the show and forum organizer, the digital content industry in Taiwan was apparently grown up recent years as Minister of Economic Affairs of the Republic of China Steve Ruey-long Chen said at Opening Ceremony yesterday. Without R&Ds from cyber-gaming, and basic conceptions from policies and copyright issues, this (digital content) industry will be fallen down in Taiwan. If this industry wanted to be grown up in sustainability, gaming OBMs in Taiwan should independently produce different and unique games and change market style to market brands and games to the world.

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Singapore police arrest death penalty book author

Tuesday, July 20, 2010

Singapore police arrested British author and journalist Alan Shadrake one day after the launch of his book about the country’s use of the death penalty.

Shadrake, 75, was arrested on Sunday morning at a hotel in Singapore and taken into custody by police on charges of criminal defamation, in response to a complaint lodged by the city-state’s Media Development Authority (MDA) over the contents of his new book, Once a Jolly Hangman: Singapore Justice in the Dock. Separately, the Attorney-General served Shadrake with an application for an order of committal for contempt of court, accusing him of “cast[ing] doubt on the impartiality, integrity, and independence” of Singapore’s courts through his book.

Shadrake’s latest book discusses alleged “double standards” in the country’s application of the death penalty, and contains interviews with local human rights activists, lawyers, and former police officers, including retired Changi Prison executioner Darshan Singh; Singh later claimed that he had been “tricked” into the interview. In earlier media comments, Shadrake stated that he expected “trouble” but no concrete action from authorities over his book, lest they draw even more attention to its claims. Retailers took his book off shelves after inquiries by the MDA; a spokesman for the MDA stated that the book was not banned, but suggested that booksellers “seek legal advice to ensure that the books they sell do not contravene Singapore laws”.

Shadrake has written for a variety of newspapers, including The Daily Telegraph of London as well as the New Straits Times of neighbouring Malaysia. His previous book, The Yellow Pimpernels, told the tale of various attempts to escape from East Germany over the Berlin Wall. If convicted, he faces a two-year imprisonment and a fine.

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Human Resources

What Do I Need To Know Before Investing In A Business In Florida

Is investing in a business a good ideaInvesting in a going concern may be an alternative to more traditional investments like stock or real estate markets. Any investor should start by requesting to examine the corporate formation and corporate governance documents as well as its books and records.Florida law requires businesses to maintain certain books and records. These can illuminate how the business has been operated. Given that these are sensitive internal business documents, you should expect that the business may require you as an investor to sign a confidentiality and non-disclosure agreement. An NDA is a prudent step that demonstrates sophistication and protects the business from anyone who might choose instead to compete against it with its own data.What due diligence should I doThe primary goal of business due diligence is to test the veracity of the representations of the seller. The due diligence that you should consider undertaking before investing in a Florida business can include reviews of the internal financial operations, online business health, and verification of assets.Your due diligence may also include, investigating the community where the business operates and customer demographics. In addition to business lawyers, financial professionals like CPAs together with valuation experts and business brokers can provide good assistance and guidance in determining the health of a business.Can I totally rely on the company’s representationsYou are entitled to rely on certain representations by the company. But relying on representations of the business without performing any independent verification may place you in a precarious position later. You may also incur substantial litigation expenses that you could have avoided.Florida law has grown increasingly complex as to whether reliance is justified and proper. A significant factor is the degree to which a representation impacted your ability to verify information.Business investors who fail to conduct any pre-purchase investigation or due diligence essentially fail to plan and consequently have a plan to fail. Upon identifying an investment opportunity a better approach is to retain qualified experts to help you in the due diligence process. A good business lawyer will also help identify representations on which you might need to focus to avoid problems later.How do I document my investment in a businessWhen you invest in a business you want your investment clearly documented in the corporate books and records. Before committing to invest it is prudent to seek the advice of a good corporate lawyer as to how best to document the investment.It is equally smart to seek advice from your financial or tax advisor as to how to structure the investment. Consulting with such professionals helps you to understand the liabilities that you may potentially assume. It also allows you to decide how to structure and document the investment to minimize that exposure if that is your goal.ConclusionInvesting in a business is a personal decision. It should be made only after substantial due diligence and investigation. It is also important to document that investigation and the representations of the business made therein. While all problems may not be completely avoidable, a solid business lawyer can guide you in the process and significantly reduce those for you.